Common mistakes in Hindi

Even though Hindi is a simple and easy language to learn, one would make few errors while learning. Now let’s look into few common mistakes a learner makes at initial stage of learning Hindi.
Error One
To denote you (singular) there are two words in Hindi. One is Tum and another is Aap. Tum is informal and Aap is formal. We have to use tum when we talk with friends and people who are familiar with us. On other hand when we speak with elders, superiors we have to use Aap only. But beginners in learning Hindi sometime use Tum for elders and Aap to friends and younger people. There is nothing wrong to call friends or younger with Aap. It would sound more polite. But at any point of time we shall not use Tum to elders and superiors. In our spoken Hindi classes in Pondicherry, we teach you such minute mistakes so that a student can make note of it and avoid while speaking in Hindi.
Error Two
On should also know the difference between you – singular and you – plural as well as respect. In English “You” is used in singular and plural forms. But in Hindi we use “Tum” for “You- Singular” and Tumlog for “You-plural”. These two are informal expression where as in formal expression we use “Aap” and “Aaplog” for singular and plural respectively.
Error Three
Difference between “Are- Singular” and “Are- Plural”
In English language are is used in simple present and present continuous tenses for those sentences involve plural. But in Hindi we have two different words for “Are- Singular” and “Are- Plural”
1)You are Rahul- Tum Rahul Ho
In above sentence “Ho” is used in place of “Are” and Rahul is Singular.
2) You are teachers- Aaplog Teachers haing
In above sentence “Haing” is used to denote are whereas “You” is plural as there are more than one teacher.
3) Let us assume there is doctor in front of us. We would like to ask him in Hindi “Are you a doctor?
Then we have to ask – “Aap Doctor haing kya?
Even though Doctor is singular to express respect or politeness we use “Haing”
From above sentences we can conclude
Are (Singular) – Ho
Are (Plural & Respect) - Haing
Error Four
Difference between Masculine and Feminine words
In Hindi all nouns are segregated into Masculine and Feminine. We shall not mix both.
Verbs for Masculine and Feminine also change accordingly.
Name of countries, metals, days, planets, mountains and stones comes under masculine nouns. Example – Bharat (India). Parvat (Mountain)
Name of rivers , languages and weapons come sunder feminine nouns.
Bharath Industrial production mein aagay jaatha hai
Here in above sentence we use “Jaatha” as Bharat is masculine noun.
This train goes to Chennai
Is train Chennai ko jaathi hai
Here we use “Jaathi” to mention verb “Go” as Train is feminine noun.
In another way we can understand difference between masculine and feminine nouns by below examples.
Rahul exam keliye padtha hai (Raja reads for exam)
Swetha exam keliye padthi hai (Swetha reads for exam)
We can observe that padtha is used for male and padthi is used for female.
In our spoken Hindi classes, we teach you about such mistakes that occur normally in common men’s communication. You will get enough time to interact with our tutor and gets your doubts clarified.

Prestige Language Institute,
No 66, Fourth Cross,Venkata Nagar,
Pondicherry - 605011
Mobile:+91 9786441188