Practicing tenses in English should be done to be fluent in speaking and efficient in writing as they stand as a backbone in framing a sentence and providing the intended meaning to the sentence. Twelve tenses are commonly used while developing a sentence depending on whether it the action occurred in the past , present or in the future and also whether the action is continuous or yet to start or have been ended. Verbs usually can be used in three forms such as past present and future. Past is used for the action which happened some time before till long back.
Identify the sentence pattern:
1. I teach him English.
2. Tell me your name.
3. He is a kind person.
4. The boys are watching TV now.
5. Her dress is beautiful.
6. My father is a gold merchant.
7. He bought me a cup of coffee.
8. They are reading in the library.
9. The company has been very successful.
10. During the war, many people lost their loved ones.
11. India is a land of rich culture and heritage.
12. He gave me some chocolates.
13. Marlene had gone to the concert, but left early.
Change the direct speech to indirect speech
1. Anita said, “I don’t have a car.”
[ Ans: Anita told that she didn’t have a car”]
2. Ben said, “She meets her friends every Friday night in the night club.”
Ben told that she meets her friends every Friday in the night club
DO IT YOURSELF
3. Rooyah said, “We like living in Pondicherry.”
4. Mother told me, “Priya is reading in the garden.”
5. He said, “I am not living in Mysore anymore.”
6. They said, “We haven’t seen Harry Potter yet.”
7. Mr. Flick says, “Mr. Black has escaped.”
SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE
Complete the following sentences
1. My father …………………. (go) for a walk in the morning. (Habitual action) [ Answer: goes]
2. I ………………….. (drink) coffee in the morning. (Habitual action) [ Answer: drink]
3. Flowers …………………… (bloom) in the spring. (Fact) [ Answer: bloom]
4. Birds …………………… (make) their nests in trees. (General truth) [ Answer: make]
5. The pigeon ……………………… (not know) the art of nest-making. [ Answer: does not know]
DO IT YOURSELF
Each sentence given below is in the active voice. Change it into passive voice.
1. He sings a song. [Ans: Song is sung by him]
2. The boy killed the spider. [Ans: Spider was killed by the boy]
DO IT YOURSELF
3. Vyasar wrote Mahbharatha
4. Farmers sow maize in the rainy season.
5. Are you writing a letter?
6. The workers were digging a canal.
7. I will finish the job by the end of this week.
8. Have you finished your job?
9. They have informed him of his mother’s death.
10. They took all the necessary precautions.
The importance of effective writing can be sorted in many ways. There are many different ways to present our writing style .It depends on the topic, the concept of what we write about. As communication comes by in practice, the art of writing too. The basic knowledge to write is to know how to construct a sentence in a proper grammatical structural form. Writing is very essential. Without the art of writing there wouldn’t be books to be read and novels to be enjoyed by people.
Unless grammar is known thoroughly, it is not so possible to frame a proper sentence. We all know how much the language has involved in our life by means of education, work and communication. Most of the time, when words aren’t used in proper or misplaced it entirely changes the case and meaning of the sentence. Hence, is also not understood properly or misunderstood sometimes that gives an unsatisfying impression. Especially, in India where we have many number of people using different form of languages it is not so easy to bind all when there is a need to communicate.
English has become a medium of communication int the world of business for both native and non-native speakers. The number of people, non-native speakers especially, wanting to learn English are growing rapidly and spoken English has become their main importance. This is so for students, teachers, job-seekers, professionals, travellers, etc.